Social Determinants of Health
According to the World Health Organization, social determinants of health (SDOH) are the circumstances in which people are born, grow up, live, work and age. Factors that are considered social determinants of health include individuals’ social and economic situations, their level of education, and the environment they experience every day, whether at home, at school or at work. In fact, an individual’s circumstances in life will have more of an impact on their health than any health care they receive.
The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) has identified 12 key determinants of health:
• Income and Social Status
• Social Support Networks
• Education and Literacy
• Employment/Working Conditions
• Social Environments
• Physical Environments
• Personal Health Practices and Coping Skills
• Healthy Child Development
• Biology and Genetic Endowment
• Health Services
The Eastern Ontario Health Unit (EOHU) is actively looking into the factors that influence the health of all residents across the five eastern counties and working on making sure they have better health. In the long run, doing so should reduce pressures on the health care system.
The EOHU is currently participating in the development and activities of various community committees and coalitions that aim to increase awareness about the social determinants of health and how they affect residents across communities in Cornwall and the counties of Stormont, Dundas, Glengarry and Prescott-Russell.
Check out the EOHU’s Let’s Start a Conversation About Health video to learn more about the effects of social determinants of health on various residents and communities in Eastern Ontario.
10 Facts On Health Inequities And Their Causes (WHO)
Return on Investment Video (CPHA)
Toronto’s Sick Kids interactive e-learning module on the Social Determinants of Health
What is Privilege? Video